Rats are said to be very friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures that would make them cute as pets. Because domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, if your child is looking for a new pet, a domestic rat could be the family’s good choice. Wild rats though are never good once they infest your home aside from not being cute. When you sense and show signs that the rats and their families are starting to occupy your outbuildings, garage, attic or basement, then you should already be concern.
There are many kinds of sub-species of rats, but the more common ones are the black and brown rats. Some rats came from Asia, and they are quite small, but their relatives in some towns and cities are much larger.
Just like humans, rats migrated around the world following soldiers and traders along trade routes between Asia and Europe. Imagine them hitching rides on ships sailing between continents and after some time, rats are seen everywhere.
Where there are more food, the more you will see these rats, because just like pests, they are nature’s scavengers. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Note that rats will also attack small animals if they cannot find any other food around.
Rats have one main reason for being dreaded or scared of in the past centuries and this is because they spread disease. A disease in the past called the black death or the bubonic plague, was transmitted by rats which were infested with fleas, and because of this 25 million people perished in the Middle Ages.
Nowadays, an outbreak of the disease can be prevented since we have now a better understanding of the disease and how to prevent it. However, the spreading of disease is still possible with rats around and so we need to deal their infestation as soon as possible.
One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
If you consume food or water which are contaminated by rats, you could get the disease called salmonella. If people are exposed to rat droppings or rat urine, they can be contaminated with the disease called hantavirus, and also this disease can be transmitted through rat bite. Humans can also be infested with e-coli, another very common infestation on rats, and contaminated food and water is a source.
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